The history of the building is particularly interesting: the building that now is the Tate Modern is a former power station, opened in 1947 and designed by Sir Giles Gilbert Scott, the same architect of the Battersea power station in London. In 1987 the building closed and reopened in 2000, fully renovated by Swiss architect studio - Herzog and de Meuron
. As today, the Tate Modern is the most visited Contemporary Art Museum in the world.
Since the year 2000 renewed names of the art scene have used the space of the Turbine Hall - a big space at the centre of the museum - to create and expose different art works, all site-specific. The first commission was made by Louis Bougeous and it has been acquired by Tate. Over the years artists like Anish Kapoor and Cecil Balmond, Rachel Whiteread, Ai Weiwei and Olafur Eliasson had the chance to expose their works in that space and make a long-lasting impact in the art world